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Public Health Emergency Preparedness : FAQs-Bioterrorism Attack: What are the biggest biological threats and how are they spread?
 

Question

What are the biggest biological threats and how are they spread?

Answer

  • Anthrax: starts with flu-like symptoms. It does not spread from person-to-person.
  • Smallpox: starts with fever, aches, vomiting and progresses to body blisters. It spreads directly from person-to-person through airborne transmission.
  • Plague: symptoms include fever, chills and cough. It spreads directly from person-to-person through airborne transmission.
    Botulism: symptoms include difficulty speaking, seeing and/or swallowing. It does not spread from person-to-person, but has been associated with food-borne contamination.
  • Tularemia: symptoms include fever and a pneumonia-like illness. It is not spread from person-to-person.
  • Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers (VHFs): start with fever, fatigue, dizziness, muscle aches and exhaustion. Some VHFs (Ebola, Marburg, Lassa and Machupo) have been known to be transmitted from person-to-person through close contact.

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Created at 7/9/2014 8:50 AM by Webmaster
Last modified at 7/9/2014 8:50 AM by Webmaster